What is Mesothelioma cancer? Mesothelioma is a cancer of the mesothelium. Like most cancers, mesothelioma involves the abnormal separation of cells from a particular part of the body – in this case the mesothelium. Mesothelioma is so deadly, as it stays dormant for many years and then begins to grow rapidly. Cancer then begins to invade and damage neighboring tissues, including vital organs. What is mesothelium? Most internal organs of the body are protected by a membrane called the mesothelium. This membrane consists of two layers of cells. The inner layer surrounds the members, and the second is a bag that surrounds the inner layer. When the organs within this membrane have to move, develop or – like the heart, the lungs, the bladder, and so on, they are able to do this because the mesothelium produces a lubricating fluid between the two layers. Mesothelioma usually begins in the pleura or peritoneum. The pleura surrounds the lungs and covers the thoracic cavity. The peritoneum covers most organs in the abdominal cavity. Other mesothelial tissue is also vulnerable to mesothelioma.
These include the pericardium that surrounds and protects the heart, the vaginal tunic testic that surrounds the internal male reproductive organs, and the serous tunic neck which is the membrane that covers the internal genital organs in women. Who is most at risk of developing mesothelioma? Mesothelioma is a very specific cause – exposure to asbestos. During the first half of the previous century, until mid-1970 asbestos was an important material used to insulate buildings, machinery, heavy equipment, and a wide range of commercial applications. Because it was abundant and cheap to mine, asbestos has been used in many construction products such as insulation of the home, floor, ceiling and tiles. It has also been used in commonly found commercial products such as brake pads and pipe insulation. This means that millions of people came into contact with asbestos on a daily basis. And since the effects of exposure to asbestos fibers have often not become evident for 30 or 40 years after prolonged exposure, companies and health officials have been slow to recognize the dangers of asbestos.
As a result, workers shipyards, men and women who work in asbestos mines and factories, workers who manufacture asbestos products, workers in the heating and construction industries, and virtually all other bodies Have been exposed to asbestos fibers for prolonged periods of time. Today it is understood that all those who work with asbestos or nearby have an increased risk of developing mesothelioma, so there is strict control of exposure limits at the workplace. But since the dormancy period of mesothelioma can often be 30 or 40 years ago, there are millions of workers who are at risk because of their exposure in the decades before the security controls were put in place. What are the symptoms of mesothelioma? Pleural mesothelioma – cancer of the pleura or lung lining – causes shortness of breath or chronic cough. Other symptoms of pleural mesothelioma can include chest pain, chronic cough, shortness of breath, fatigue, wheezing, hoarseness, weight loss, or blood in the phlegm of the lungs while coughing.
Peritoneal mesothelioma affects the coating around the stomach and intestines and is generally equally dangerous. Symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma include pain or swelling of the abdomen, weight loss, intestinal obstruction, anemia and fever. Many of the symptoms of mesothelioma can easily be confused with allergies or a common cold. Mesothelioma is often discovered when patients think they have any of these other common diseases. What is Mesothelioma Gravity? By the time most people infected become aware that they have mesothelioma, it is no longer dormant and becomes extremely aggressive. In its active phase, mesothelioma can move quickly, and it is almost impossible to stop. There are treatments used to keep the patient at ease, but there is currently no cure for mesothelioma. It is estimated that 75% of the people who develop the disease lose their lives in the year. The remainder can last up to six additional months. It is therefore extremely important to detect the disease before it
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